Practices of Anti-subsidy investigation by the EU

19/12/2022 09:09 - 385 Views

The EU started anti-subsidy investigation in 1996 with 1 investigation, then spiked to 19 cases in 1999. In recent years, the number of anti-subsidy investigations initiated by the EU is hardly too large.

 

Figure 1: Anti-subsidy investigations initiated and imposed by the EU

Source: WTO data

 

Countries subject to the most anti-subsidy measures by the EU

 

India and China are the two countries with the most anti-subsidy investigations by the EU, accounting for 24% and 18% of the total number of anti-subsidy investigations initiated by the EU, respectively.

 

Table 1: Top countries with the most anti-subsidy investigations by the EU (1995-2021)

 

Investigations initiated

 Measures imposed

India

22

14

China

17

10

Indonesia

8

3

South Korea

7

2

Chinese Taipei

6

3

Thailand

5

1

Malaysia

4

2

Turkey

3

1

USA

3

1

Total

75

37

Source: WTO data

 

Product groups subject to the most anti-subsidy measures by the EU

 

In anti-subsidy investigations, base metals was the product subject to the most anti-subsidy duties in the EU (accounting for 28% of total cases), followed by plastics, rubber (accounting for 20%).

 

Table 2: Commodities subject to the most anti-subsidy measures by the EU

Items/Commodities

Number of cases subject to anti-subsidy duties

Percentage (%)

Base metals and articles

13

28%

Resins, plastics and articles; rubber and articles

9

20%

Textiles and articles

5

11%

Articles of stone, plaster; ceramic prod.; glass

5

11%

Machinery and electrical equipment

5

11%

Mineral products

3

7%

Live animals and products

2

4%

Products of the chemical and allied industries

2

4%

Paper, paperboard and articles

1

2%

Vehicles, aircraft and vessels

1

2%

Source: WTO data

 

Source: Center for WTO and International Trade

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